where did the springbok tour happen

One particularly interesting moment in the history of controversial sporting clashes in Dublin concerns the sport of rugby, and the visit of the Springbok team to Dublin in 1970. [21], The aftermath of the Hamilton game, followed by the bloody batoning of marchers in Wellington's Molesworth Street in the following week, in which police batoned bare-headed protesters, led to the radicalisation of the protest movement. Without New Zealand's support, without the Springbok tours, change would happen more quickly in South Africa. The 1981 Springbok (South African) rugby tour was among the most divisive events in New Zealand’s history. New Zealand Protests-Springbok Tour 1981: Primary Sources in New Zealand (Taken from "56 DAYS, A History of the Anti-Tour Movement In Wellington) Primary Source One 'My family are very rugby orientated; my growing up was weekends with rugby.' In 1956 and 1965 when the South African rugby team toured New Zealand, they were showered with warmth and generosity wherever they went. Why did it happen? During the 1970s public protests and political pressure forced on the New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRFU) the choice of either fielding a team not selected by race, or not touring South Africa:[5] South African rugby authorities continued to select Springbok players by race. One protester huddled under a United Nations flag as pro-tour supporters’ tinnies rained upon her. I got involved in [anti-Springbok tour action] because it was an important issue and one in which I thought New Zealand could punch well above its weight. [14], The ensuing public protests polarised New Zealand. was shown of the Clowns Incident, where police were shown beating unarmed clowns with batons. It was a very unnerving night and by the time the day of the set came, well, being … [9], By the early 1980s the pressure from other countries and from protest groups in New Zealand such as HART reached a head when the NZRU proposed a Springbok tour for 1981. Learn about the trauma of the tour, when feelings ran high, and pro- and anti-tour factions often clashed violently. Some protesters were injured by police batons. Not only did the Tour Protests bring about an end to apartheid in South Africa, but it created an increase awareness of racism in New Zealand society. The 1976 tour contributed to the creation of the Gleneagles Agreement adopted by the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in 1977. SCIS no. 25 African countries then chose … They also performed at Nelson Mandela’s 80th and 85th birthday celebrations in Johannesburg. [19] Following reports that a stolen light plane (piloted by Pat McQuarrie)[20] was approaching the stadium, police cancelled the match. Keeping sport and politics separate was becoming increasingly difficult. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Police baton anti-tour protesters outside Parliament, Anti-Springbok protesters block Hamilton match, Labour government cancels Springbok rugby tour, Springboks play New Zealand Māori for first time, This programme provided a schedule of protest activities for July 1981, 1956 rugby ball and John Minto helmet from Te Papa, South Africa vs Wanganui King Country programme, Sir Bernard Freyberg speaking on Empire Day, Barricade at Invercargill, 1981 Springbok Tour, School children protesting, 1981 Springbok tour, Anti-Springbok tour protestors at Palmerston North, 1981, Film: opposing views - 1981 Springbok tour, Policing the 1981 Springbok tour, cartoon, Opinion around New Zealand on the 1981 Springbok tour, Film: police and the first test - 1981 Springbok tour, Film: Gisborne game, 1981 Springbok tour, Film: clash on Molesworth St - 1981 Springbok tour, Film: the third test - 1981 Springbok tour, Film: game cancelled in Hamilton, 1981 Springbok tour. [citation needed] Muldoon's critics felt that he allowed the tour in order for his National Party to secure the votes of rural and provincial conservatives in the general election later in the year, which Muldoon won. [citation needed] As protection for the Springboks, the police created two special riot squads, the Red and Blue Squads. [citation needed], The All Blacks won the 1987 Rugby World Cup and rugby union was once again the dominant sport – in both spectator and participant numbers – in New Zealand. [8] In their view the All Black tour gave tacit support to the apartheid regime in South Africa. Page 2 – All Blacks versus Springboks A further appeal to Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall was also overruled on the grounds of free speech.[31]. In 1972 Norman Kirk broke National’s 12-year-long grip on the Treasury benches and became Labour’s first New Zealand-born PM. The Springbok tour was a real factor in the way New Zealand grew as a county. The greatest and most recognised consequence of the 1981 Springbok Tour Protests in my opinion was New Zealand's aid in ending apartheid in South Africa . It was believed by some that allowing this to happen would that New Zealand did not have a problem with the apartheid problems occurring in South Africa. Particularly the book Storm our of Africa! 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Our wide range of Guided Holidays, Day Tours and limitless Tailor-made Travel options offer innovative, authentic and competitively priced experiences with service levels that exceed expectation. [12][13] Others argued that if the tour were cancelled, there would be no reporting of the widespread criticism of apartheid in New Zealand in the controlled South African media. … A result of the 1976 Springbok Tour was the boycott of the Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics. Footage[according to whom?] [30], The cancelled New York City match against the Eastern All Stars was moved upstate to Albany. Prior to the boycott of the Olympics, African Nations had demanded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) exclude New Zealand from the games, however the IOC found no justification in banning the country and therefore New Zealand athletes went ahead to compete as planned. A High Court injunction by Justice Casey stopped the tour. ", Some rugby supporters echoed the separation of politics and sport. The protest against the Springbok Tour was due to some believing it was immoral to allow the All Blacks to play a team that was racially selected. The 1981 Anti-Springbok Tour protesters hoped to get the attention of the public, by making large scale protests involving almost all of the locals. The Australian Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser, refused permission for the Springboks' aircraft to refuel in Australia,[10] so the Springboks' flights to and from New Zealand went via Los Angeles and Hawaii.[11]. 1981 Springbok tour. The green and gold machine had never been defeated in a test series anywhere in the world since 1896. After the tour, no official sporting contact took place between New Zealand and South Africa until the early 1990s, after apartheid had been abolished. Before we left South Africa, we had no idea of what to expect to be able to play against New Zealand in 1981. Although the protests were among the most intense in New Zealand's recent history, no deaths or serious injuries resulted. The first test was on 15 August in Christchurch. Gangs of rugby supporters waited outside Hamilton police station for arrested protesters to be processed and released, and assaulted some protesters making their way into Victoria Street. We had the most important international link that white South Africans wanted – rugby and the All Blacks, and we knew we could make a … The 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand stands out as probably the most divisive tour in the history of the game, if not sport. It inspired people to fight apartheid so everyone would be equal. On the streets in Auckland outside Eden Park, on the day of the final test match, there were riots. The dispute was similar to that involving Peter Hain in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s, when Hain's Stop the Tour campaign clashed with the more conservative 'Freedom Under Law' movement championed by barrister Francis Bennion. Prime Minister Bill English admits he was “probably for it”. Although there were many other leading causes of the end of Apartheid in South Africa (such as the … Following police warnings of civil strife, Prime Minister Norman Kirk informed the New Zealand Rugby Football Union that the government saw ‘no alternative’ to a 'postponement' of the planned tour by the South African Springboks. What action did the United Nations take against South Africa in 1968 during the Springbok tour? The whole of New Zealand was divided over the tour, this division of the country lasted over fifty days. 1971 South Africa rugby union tour of Australia, History of South Africa in the apartheid era, "Rugby in the national spotlight: The 1981 USA tour of the Springboks", "All eyes were on Albany and Apartheid in 1981", "When talk of racism is just not cricket", "Politics and sport – 1981 Springbok tour", "Battle lines are drawn – 1981 Springbok tour | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online", "Protest! In 1985 the NZRU proposed an All Black tour of South Africa. This is where the protest against the tour began. The first Springbok overseas tour was arranged in 1906–07 to Europe. Bill English has been asked that. [3] Therefore, there was a major split in opinion in New Zealand as to whether politics should influence sport in this way and whether the Springboks should be allowed to tour. All all-white team from South Africa, the team were seen by some to be the embodiment of Apartheid South Africa, and their tour of Britain and Ireland in 1969/1970 attracted huge protest. Rugby union was (and is) an extremely popular sport in New Zealand, and the South African team known as the Springboks were considered to be New Zealand's most formidable opponents. Discover the reasons behind this civil disobedience, as well as the demonstrations, police actions and the politics of playing sports. It affected the political party ideas, with Labour banning trade with South Africa. Yet 25 years later, the 1981 Springbok tour became one of the most divisive events in New Zealand history. [2] Threats of riots caused city officials in Los Angeles, Chicago, New York City and Rochester to withdraw their previous authorisation for the Springboks to play in their cities. [14] While rugby fans filled the football grounds, protest crowds filled the surrounding streets, and on one occasion succeeded in invading the pitch and stopping the game. In 1990, apartheid ceased in South Africa. It was believed by some that allowing this to happen would that New Zealand did not have a problem with the apartheid problems occurring in South Africa. During the Springbok Tour of 1981 there was a lot of protest and unrest about letting the Springboks play in New Zealand. In Hamilton the protesters occupying the pitch had chanted 'The whole world is watching'. Overview, links to related topics and suggested classroom activities for this potential NCEA topic. RAY HARPER was a rugby administrator and national councillor on the New Zealand Rugby Union during the 1981 Springbok tour. [2], The Springboks' match against the Midwest All Stars team had originally been intended to be played in Chicago. They didnt take no action Name the main group involved in the protest in the 1981 springbok tour? I was a part of the South AfricanSpringbok rugby team that was selected to tour New Zealand in 1981 with the Springboks. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand Te Ara is an excellent starting point for all questions about New Zealand Aotearoa. Springbok fullback Warrick Gelant has been ruled out of competing against the British and Irish Lions next year in South Africa. [27] "Patches" of criminal gangs, such as traditional rivals Black Power and the Mongrel Mob, were also evident[citation needed] (The Black Power were Muldoon supporters[28]). Traditionally, most of the test matches (and all until 1987) [citation needed] against other countries happened during tours/series. The springbok tour of the 1980’s was the largest civil disturbance New Zealand had seen in thirty years. The controversy also extended to the United States, where the South African rugby team continued their tour after departing New Zealand.[1][2]. The 1981 Springbok Tour started on 19 July, as the Springbok rugby team arrived in the country and had their first tour game against Poverty Bay on the 22nd. The Voice of Dissent at the Nelson Provincial Museum", Film: game cancelled in Hamilton, 1981 Springbok tour, "Film: game cancelled in Hamilton, 1981 Springbok tour | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online", "Film: clash on Molesworth St – 1981 Springbok tour | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online", "Minto's battered helmet to go on display at Te Papa", "Eden Park revamp uncovers secret escape route", "The first test: Lancaster Park, Christchurch, 15 August 1981", "Film: the third test – 1981 Springbok tour | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online", "The code of silence over a tour's infamous bashing", Protesters in Albany shout as Springboks triumph in rainfall, Tour diary – 1981 Springbok tour | NZHistory, "Rt Hon Sir Maurice Eugene Casey, 1923 – 2012", "Judge's ruling halted divisive All Black tour", The Film Archive – Ready to Roll? [5] The tour still happened, and in 1969 Halt All Racist Tours (HART) was formed.[6]. The Springbok tour was a real factor in the way New Zealand grew as a county. Some believed the tour was an opportunity. [citation needed] However, some Maori supported the tour and attended games. A short term effect was that it caused a divide between the country with immense disturbances to daily life. The first test was on 15 August in Christchurch. ... but nothing happened. Springbok tour protesters, 1981 (3rd of 1) The conflict within New Zealand over sporting contacts with apartheid South Africa reached a peak in the protests against the 1981 Springbok rugby tour of New Zealand. The unity in the campaign against the Springbok tour opened up the possibility of a stronger campaign against the entrenched racism in Australia itself. The cause of this was the visit of the South African rugby team – the Springboks. [25], At Lancaster Park, Christchurch, on 15 August,[18] some protesters managed to break through a security cordon and a number invaded the pitch. The anti-apartheid movement in South Africa was buoyed by the events of the Springbok Tour in New Zealand. The protest against the Springbok Tour was due to some believing it was immoral to allow the All Blacks to play a team that was racially selected. [31] The long serving Mayor of Albany, Erastus Corning, maintained that there was a right of peaceful assembly to "publicly espouse an unpopular cause," despite his own stated view that "I abhor everything about apartheid". Articles Audio Primary source Stories Websites Manuscripts Research papers Data outside Eden Park, on the in. Thirty years president of his time have tried ( somewhat successfully ) to improve things were usually dedicated rugby or... Should stay out of sport for Culture and Heritage tour provoked sporting and political causes that affected small... Was becoming increasingly difficult in Chicago divided over the incident `` politics should stay out of.! Grew throughout the 1950s and 1960s rugby match. 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