what was israel called before 1948

(via Walid Khalidi, Before Their Diaspora) Jaffa Harbor, Palestine: Palestinian refugees flee Jaffa by boat for Gaza, Apr-May 1948. From a reader: On May 14, 1948, a couple of days before the British rule over Palestine ended, the Jewish leadership in Palestine met in Tel Aviv. That situation would continue until World War 1. Mehmet Tezcan, Astiye Bayindir, 'Aristocratic Women and their Relationship to Nestorianism in the 13th century Chingizid Empire,' in Li Tang, Dietmar W. Winkler (eds. During the early 20th century, a period when the ossifying Ottoman Empire was still dominant, Jewish immigration and land purchases were increasingly changing a seemingly forgotten place. The State of Israel was declared after the end of the civil war, which was raging for six months in Palestine after the vote by the United Nation to partition Palestine between Palestinian Jews and Arabs.. "The United Monarchy in the Countryside". Kaufman, Asher (Autumn 2002). The 1948 (or First) Arab–Israeli War was the second and final stage of the 1947–49 Palestine war.It formally began following the end of the British Mandate for Palestine at midnight on 14 May 1948; the Israeli Declaration of Independence had been issued earlier that day, and a military coalition of Arab states entered the territory of British Palestine in the morning of 15 May. 3 (1955), pp. They lived in Iraq. What happened as a result of the War of 1948? Immediately following the declaration of the new state, both superpower leaders, US President Harry S. Truman and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, recognized the new state. ), The Ghetto of Venice by Riccardo Calimani, pg 94, Mondadori 1995, Joel Rappel, History of Eretz Israel from Prehistory up to 1882 (1980), vol. Chronicle of a territorial dispute". For this reason, one would be right in concluding that Jacob is the father of Israel, the nation. Nevertheless, what was its name prior to 1948? However, the creation of the Jewish state caused plenty of friction with the Arab countries around it. As history books show from the biblical days, it has gone through a full cycle of names. It has a rich history in terms of name, establishment as a state, subjugation … Lv 7. Ann E. Killebrew, Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, and Early Israel, 1300–1100 B.C.E, Society of Biblical Lit, 2005 p.230. Not exactly. What was israel called before 1948? For example, it fell into the hands of the Assyrians who not only invaded but destroyed its northern part in 722B.C. After their defeat their areas, outside Turkey were distributed amongst the Victors - France & UK. To them, the Jewish homeland would lead to the total annihilation of Arab Palestinians. What was israel called before 1948? The entire region was called Israel up until the year 70 CE. Declaration of independence and international recognition: . Free e-mail watchdog. 10 years ago. Before 1948 the area was under UN Mandate, formerly under British Mandate. The History of Israel - A Chronological Presentation. Answer Save. Then it became the Kingdoms of Israel and Judea. Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel,[f] because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.” The name Israel was thereafter identified with the Tribes and Kingdom of Israel which Jacob’s descendants founded, and came to be synonymous with Judah, before eventually being replaced by it. Israel Before the State. Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire, Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son, Isaac, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son, Ishmael, A poll tax was imposed on all non-Muslims, History of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire, History of the Jews in the Land of Israel, Demographic history of Palestine (region), entire population, including Muslims, of both Jaffa and Tel Aviv was subject to an expulsion order in April 1917, Italian bombing of Mandatory Palestine in World War II, United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, United Nations Special Committee on Palestine, purchase important arms in Eastern Europe, United Nations Security Council Resolution 50, Egyptian troops had tested chemical weapons, Egyptian intervention in support of rebels, United Nations Security Council Resolution 425, Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities, assassinated Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, List of Israeli civilian casualties in the Second Intifada, claimed the Holocaust was a Jewish conspiracy, direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, largest social protest in the history of Israel, military conscription for ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel, transferred the bodies of 91 Palestinian suicide bombers and other militants, United States recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, United States recognition of the Golan Heights as part of Israel, History of the Jews and Judaism in the Land of Israel, List of Jewish leaders in the Land of Israel, Postage stamps and postal history of Israel, "Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel", Israel – A Social Report 2020: The Public Interest Needs to Return to Center Stage, "The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant", "Timeline in the Understanding of Neanderthals", "From 'small, dark and alive' to 'cripplingly shy': Dorothy Garrod as the first woman Professor at Cambridge", "Excavations and Surveys (University of Haifa)", "Fossil teeth place humans in Asia '20,000 years early, "The Natufian Culture in the Levant, Threshold to the Origins of Agriculture", 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6505(1998)6:5<159::AID-EVAN4>3.0.CO;2-7, "First Recorded Battle | History Channel on Foxtel", "ALPHABET, THE HEBREW - JewishEncyclopedia.com", "Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II", "New Testament History – The Hasmonean kingdom", "Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVIII". The Establishment of Israel (1920 - 1939) 1920 - Arab Nationalism in Palestine During and immediately after World War I Arab nationalism awakened. Sephardic Jews. Conversely, at its death it led to the creation of the state of Israel, which would be known as Palestine for several years. Instead, the general feeling of The Balfour Declaration was that it remains Palestine. Relevance. "Diocaesarea" in The Catholic Encyclopedia. On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years. What was “Israel” called before 1948? As the Hebrew Bible tells us, its origins are traceable to Abraham, who is referred to as the ‘father of many nations.’ However, the name Israel would not emerge until Jacob, who was Abraham’s grandson, entered the scene. Top Answer. However, that has not always been its name. Middle East Journal (Middle East Institute) 56 (4): 576–596. Disengagement from Gaza, History of ancient Israel and Judah as well as modern Israel, These audio files were created from a revision of this article dated 30 March 2008, Babylonian, Persian, and Hellenistic periods (586–37 BCE), Illegal Jewish immigration and insurgency, "The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70–1492", by Botticini and Eckstein, Chapter 1, especially page 17, Princeton 2012. 2, p. 531. For this reason, it’s no wonder that many people and commentators around the world refer to it as the Jewish Nation or State. Israel won the war in 1948. Before 1948, the people now called Palestinians lived in Egypt. Philo of Alexandria, On the Embassy to Gaius XXX.203. What country controlled the land before that? To its west lies the magnificent Mediterranean Sea. Israel before 1948 Israel's earliest modern history as a nation begins in 1914 when the Ottoman Empire became part of the Central Powers in the Great War (World War I), and became allied to the German, Austrian, Hungarian, Bulgarian, and Italian forces. 2015-02-17 18:14:36 2015-02-17 18:14:36. Following the defeat of the Ottomans in WWI, the British gained control of the whole of Palestine, which included the areas that comprise the modern states of Jordan, Israel, and parts of Lebanon and Syria. "Necropolis of Bet She'arim: A Landmark of Jewish Renewal", Jewish and Christian Views on Bodily Pleasure: Their Origins and Relevance in the Twentieth-Century, "Moses Maimonides | Jewish philosopher, scholar, and physician", "Map of Jewish expulsions and resettlement areas in Europe. What was Israel called before 1948? Interestingly, it always rises from the dead like a phoenix. Feisal Ibn-Hussein, a son of the emir of Mecca, and the Zionist leader, Chaim Weizmann, tried to work out a plan to realize the national aspirations of both Jews and Arabs. It was officially called “Palestine” in English. On May 14, 1948, just ahead of the official end to the British Mandate in Palestine at midnight, David Ben-Gurion declared the establishment of a Jewish state, to be called Israel. "The Eichmann Trial and American Jewry: A Reassessment", Françoise S. Ouzan in. What was the land we now know as Israel called before 1948?!? One can’t talk about the history of Israel without mentioning its biblical foundations. 357 (February 2010), pp. On 14 May 1948, the day before the expiration of the British Mandate, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, ... Jewish emigration from Israel (called yerida in Hebrew), primarily to the United States and Canada, is described by demographers as modest, but is often cited by Israeli government ministries as a major threat to Israel's future. 10 years ago. A decade before, in the 1967 war, Israeli troops had in effect undone the partition accepted in 1948 by overrunning the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Lee Hoffmann. At the time, there was no suggestion that the country reverts to its original name of Israel. Some of its neighbors include Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan. After the year 70, the Romans renamed it Palestine after the Philistines. The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, defined as a geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River (where Israel and Palestine are today), and various adjoining lands. What was “Israel” called before 1948? It has a rich history in terms of name, establishment as a state, subjugation under foreign powers, and eventual independence. is completely pointless because a) No pro Israel person denies the land was called that (so, in other words, they are not being "clever" for pointing that out) b) It wasn't an independent state then and c) It isn't an independent state now.) A Concise History of the Jewish People By Naomi E. Pasachoff, Robert J. Littman 1995 (2005 Roman and Littleford edition), page 67. Ben-Gurion became Israels first premier. Answer Save. For starters, it is the most developed nation of the two in terms of healthcare, economy, security, and quality of life. Favorite Answer . (Read more on history of Palestinians here.) It was the time when the Jewish settlements of Galilee were destroyed by the Druze: Tiberias was completely desolate and only a few of former Safed residents had returned....", Barbara Tuchman, Bible and Sword: How the British came to Palestine, Macmillan 1956, chapter 9, Barbara Tuchman, Bible and Sword: How the British came to Palestine, Macmillan 1956, page 194-5, The Roots of Separatism in Palestine: British Economic Policy, 1920–1929 by BJ Smith 1992, Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland, 1919–1939 By Joseph Marcus, Mouton 1983, pg 366, Benny Morris, One state, two states:resolving the Israel/Palestine conflict, 2009, p. 66, Between National Socialism and Soviet Communism: Displaced Persons in Postwar Germany by Anna Holian Michigan 2011 pp 181–2. It was originally called Canaan. Ottoman Rule in Palestine begins; Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire through 1917. In answering this question, one has to talk about the names by which the two countries went prior to the present day predicament. : Israel and Lebanon after the Withdrawal", Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, Main Points of Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty 26 October 1994, Treaty of Peace between The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and The State of Israel, "Israel's Bold Initiative to Reduce U.S. Aid", "1990–1999 | הוועד הציבורי נגד עינויים בישראל", Security Council endorses Secretary-General's conclusion on Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon as of 16 June, Israeli Proposal to Palestinians and Syria, "Ashkelon Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plant, Israel", "Is Gaza Occupied? They moved into the land of Israel when they were displaced by the war of 1948, which the Arab nations started, but Israel is not occupying territory these people now call home. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", "Population, by Religion and Population Group", "Group seeks justice for 'forgotten' Jews", https://www.israelhayom.com/2019/12/16/lost-jewish-property-in-arab-countries-estimated-at-150-billion/, "Jewish refugees left roughly $150 billion worth of goods, property in Arab nations", "First United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF I) – Background", "When Did the U.S. and Israel Become Allies? Dec 24, 2018 - * Between 1922 and 1948 the land was legally and officially under the rule of the British. Without a doubt, Israel has been called many nations throughout its history. Palestine, area of the eastern Mediterranean, comprising parts of modern Israel along with the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. February 1949. They lived in Syria. In this article, the focus was on the name it was known by before 1948 following The Balfour Declaration. Feisal Ibn-Hussein, a son of the emir of Mecca, and the Zionist leader, Chaim Weizmann, tried to work out a plan to realize the national aspirations of both Jews and Arabs. You might also like Israel’s War of Independence. Project of The St. Louis Instead of War Coalition. Wiki User Answered . Jews in the Land of Israel from the destruction of the Temple through the Ottoman Empire. before anyone jumps into conclusions, i'm neutral, i do not support israel or palestine i was just wondering did israel exist before 1948 and i do not care about what the bible or other holy books say that it existed 2000 years ago or something...i want something solid that i can see and touch...did israel exist as an independent acountry in the year 1900 for example? The strategic importance of the area is immense: through it pass the main roads from Egypt to Syria and from the Mediterranean to the hills beyond the Jordan River. Which is the oldest nation between Israel and Palestine? "In 1662 Sabbathai Sevi arrived to Jerusalem. What happened on May 15, 1948? Before Israel became a nation, ... 1948, Israel was officially declared a state, marking the first Jewish state in over 2,000 years. )—An Archaeological Assessment by Gideon Avni in Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research No. ‘'Israel: A History'’ (Brandeis University Press/University Press of New England; 2012) 502 pages; Sharon, Assaf, "The Long Paralysis of the Israeli Left" (review of Dan Ephron, Shatz, Adam, "We Are Conquerors" (review of, Stager, Lawrence, "Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel", This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:52. (I might note that the anti Israel crank talking point of "It was called Palestine before 1948!!!" What do Arabs call the War of 1948? is completely pointless because a) No pro Israel person denies the land was called that (so, in other words, they are not being "clever" for pointing that out) b) It wasn't an independent state then and c) It isn't an independent state now.) Since the renaming in 1948, Israel has suffered plenty of wars with its neighbors, especially the Arab states. France got Syria & Lebanon. Israel before 1948 Israel's earliest modern history as a nation begins in 1914 when the Ottoman Empire became part of the Central Powers in the Great War (World War I), and became allied to the German, Austrian, Hungarian, Bulgarian, and Italian forces. As shown above, its name was Palestine. It was officially called “Palestine” in English. In a way, one could surmise that The Ottoman Empire at the height of its powers killed Israel. In Arabic it was officially called “Falastin”, and in Hebrew it was officially called “Palestina (E.Y)”. Answer. By the time Jaffa finally fell on 13 May 1948, fewer than 4,000 of its 70,000 residents remained. The British Mandate of Palestine and Transjordan (80% of Palestine was given to the Hashemite Arabs as a reward for their help in WW-I prior to its further partisan by the UN in 1948). Before 1914 it was in the Othman Empire like the whole of Arab lands in the Middle-East. Jaffa, Israel: Jewish refugees from Europe are resettled in ethnically-cleansed Jaffa, 1949. In the decades since 1948, what Palestinians call the nakba (“catastrophe”) remains a matter of debate between the sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The History of Israel - A Chronological Presentation. Shapira Anita. I have not been back since to see if it was taken down. Lee Hoffmann. A few examples of the armies and nations that have attacked Israel include Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Islamists, Arabs, and Mamelukes among others. Christopher Stringer, custodian of Tabun I, Othmar Keel, Christoph Uehlinger, Gods, Goddesses, and Images of God in Ancient Israel, Fortress Press (1998); Mark S. Smith, The Origins of Biblical Monotheism: Israel’s Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts, Oxford University Press (2001). 35-48, THE FATIMID HOLY CITY: REBUILDING JERUSALEM IN THE ELEVENTH CENTURY by JENNIFER PRUITT in "The Medieval Globe" Volume 3 Number 2, 2017, "The Cairo Geniza as a Source for the History of Muslim Civilisation" by S. D. Goitein in Studia Islamica No. Before 1914 it was in the Othman Empire like the whole of Arab lands in the Middle-East. Over the years, its name has changed depending on numerous circumstances. Much later, he would take the name Israel after God renamed him. After the year 70, the Romans renamed it Palestine after the Philistines. On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years. 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