Sentences with lists require particular attention to parallel construction. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. It was Sally Baldwin who brought me along, told me what to wear and do and think and say. Correct: My parents said get a good education and do not settle for less. "(Bernice Fitz-Gibbon, Macy's, Gimbels, and Me: How to Earn $90,000 a Year in Retail Advertising. "Never hurry and never worry! You try it: Write P if the sentence has parallel structure. People often don’t have this energy left over at the end of the writing process, or … You need to move swiftly and quietly. In the first example, a series of nouns are presented in parallel structure: Harper, 1977), To create parallel structure, keep in mind that adjectives should be paralleled by adjectives, nouns by nouns, dependent clauses by dependent clauses, and so on., INCORRECT: Your new training program was stimulating and a challenge. In the text box below, paste or type all the sentences that contain parallel structure. Parallelism is the idea that parts of a sentence such as items in a series should be phrased in the same grammatical way. Any time you are creating a list in writing, you will want to use a parallel sentence structure. Do the following for each: 1. English Sentence Structure Checker. White. Some helpful hints on how to revise sentences for parallel structure: 1) Figure out what parts of the sentence are being compared. Correct: Yesterday we watched a movie, played video games and made pizza.Incorrect: Yesterday we watched a movie, play video games and made pizza.The Importance of Parallel Structure. "The use of parallel structures," says Ann Raimes in Keys for Writers, "helps produce cohesion and coherence in a text." Correct: Joe likes running, walking and being active. Understanding Parallel Structure. Understanding Parallel Structure. If you want to improve your sentence structure, you can use English sentence structure checker. "(Robert M. Knight, A Journalistic Approach to Good Writing. The same is true for what is known as a parallel sentence. Instructions Each sentence below shows incorrect parallel structure. The sentences below are not parallel. Example 1: Incorrect: This paper will address No Child Left Behind, how to teach effectively, and instructing with multimedia aids. This means that each of the items on the list is equal in the grammar tenses that you use. She created me, and when she was done we broke up in a formal sense, but she kept calling me. To check whether your structure of the sentence is correct is something that takes not only time and effort, but knowledge and skill in understanding the intricacies of grammar and syntax. 1. Compare the two following sentences: Yara loves running, to swim, and biking. The Moronic Inferno. What exactly is parallel structure? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In grammar, parallelism, also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. Rewrite the information in complete sentences using correct parallel structure. Maintaining parallel structure helps you avoid grammatically incorrect sentences and improves your writing style. If one track bends along the line, a train goes off the rails. 3. This means that each of the items on the list is equal in the grammar tenses that you use. A cluster of amplifiers spread the theme of love over everything and everybody; the mild breeze spread the dust over everything and everybody. It also adds value to a writer's overall composition and shows that their writing is structurally and grammatically correct. Whenever you make a list of items or actions in a sentence, using equal grammatical units is crucial. "(Leonardo da Vinci), "We spend our youth attempting to change the future, and the rest of our lives trying to preserve the past. Parallel structure can be applied to a single sentence, a paragraph, or even multiple paragraphs. Fruits, vegetables, and grains are an important part of a well-balanced diet. Correct: The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch, and paying bills. Correct: Tim was considered to be a good employee because he was always on time, he was very motivated and he was a good leader. "(Samuel Johnson, quoted by James Boswell in The Life of Samuel Johnson, 1791), "Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. I had been skinny and quiet and religious, and now I was good-looking and muscular. McGraw-Hill, 2005), "When you write a sentence with a series of clauses, make sure that they start and end the same way. "(Martin Amis, "Kurt Vonnegut: After the Slaughterhouse." Correct: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the dog. Parallel structure: Parts of sentences in that sequence should follow same structural or grammatical principle. It’s simply the practice of using the same structures or forms multiple times: making sure the parts are parallel to each other. 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Definition and Examples of Agreement in English Grammar, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, Constructing Parallel Sentences and Phrases, What Is a Phrase? Correct: This paper will address No Child Left Behind benchmarks, effective teaching strategies, and multimedia instructional aids. Correct: Dogs are great pets for the following reasons: they are loyal, they are loving, and they are obedient. Correct: The teacher told them that they need to study and that they should practice their words every night. Advanced Practice. answer. Essays of E.B. By Follow the instructions after each sentence to correct the sentences. Some examples of clauses using parallel structure are: Some more examples of parallel structure include: When you have items on a list following a colon, the items should all be in the same form in order to avoid a parallel structure error. Correct: People who get ahead do lots of different things such as: studying, working hard, and going to college. Correct: They argued not only about the article, but also about the review. Parallel structure provides flow in a sentence. She was never wrong; she never lost her patience. Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. Parallel structure: Parts of sentences in that sequence should follow same structural or grammatical principle. As you do so, remember the following: • Retain the sentence's original meaning. Finally, parallel structure can be used with comparisons. "(Attributed to Albert Camus), "I had been short, and now I was tall. 2. Parallel structure allows us to understand when things are taking place, what is taking place, who or what the subjects and objects of a sentence or clause are, and so on. If the first item stated in the list is a noun, the following items should also consist of nouns; if the first action is a simple past tense verb, then the succeeding actions must be in the simple past tense form of the verb as well. Write NP is the sentence does not have parallel structure. Parallel Structure in Sentences Creating parallel structure in a sentence is achieved when the writer balances similar grammatical elements such as words, phrases, and clauses to demonstrate they are of equal importance. Wiley, 2003). Elements in a sentence that have the same function or express similar ideas should be grammatically parallel, or grammatically matched. If you don't, you destroy the rhythm you've tried to establish. Words and phrases should not only match in structure, but also in tense. Some examples of this include: 1. When you use parallel structure, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily. Writers use parallel structure to add clarity to their writing and to make it easier to understand. Think of railroad tracks, which run parallel to one another. Usage - Parallel Structure. Correct: In your bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet, and a desk. Parallel structure adds both clout and clarity to your writing. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. These lists can be made up of words, phrases, or even clauses. Correct: Either she likes to see him or she doesn't like to see him. Parallel structure should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. In parallel structure, sentences have a series of phrases or clauses, which start and end in almost a similar fashion, by keeping the rhythm of the lines. Another word for parallel structure is parallelism. Proverbs, for example, provide a simple way to grasp the concept of parallel structure. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. Parallel ideas, that is, ideas being compared (APA 3.09), coordinated (APA 3.23), listed (APA 3.04), or presented as stubs in a table (APA 5.13), must be expressed using parallel grammatical forms.In other words, the ideas need to have a similar grammatical structure (e.g., adjectives with adjectives, verbs with verbs, nouns with nouns, and so on). Parallel structure can be observed in many forms of writing. Kevin raced toward the sideline, down the field, and ended up in the end zone. See the examples below. Revised on January 16, 2020. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. The parallel sentence structure is the one that would require more than two verbs and also have similar grammatical forms. This grammatical form can be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, clauses and lists. 4. Alfred A. Knopf, 2003), "The wheels wheeled, the chairs spun, the cotton candy tinted the faces of children, the bright leaves tinted the woods and hills. By convention, items in a series appear in parallel grammatical form: a noun is listed with other nouns, an -ing form with other -ing forms, and so on. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. 5. Quotes by authors and famous historical figures also illustrate the use of parallel structure. a. The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. If there are two or more numbers of information in a sentence, grammatical form of the first information must be followed to express the remaining ideas. It emphasizes on the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information given in the same sentence. The clothes are washed, the dishes are cleaned, and the dogs are walked. Correct: Ashley likes to ski, to swim and to jump rope. (Adjective and noun, stimulating and challenge)CORRECT: Your new training program was stimulating and challenging. Parallel structure ( also called parallelism ) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. Parallelism is used as a rhetorical and stylistic device in literature, speeches, advertising, and … Choppy sentences: Succession of sentences that are short without any transitions will result in choppy sentences. It also shows that ideas are of equal importance. White, 1952), "It is by logic we prove, but by intuition we discover. Some examples of this use include: Parallel structure should be used with infinitives. These are the same grammatical structure and form a proper parallel sentence. Parallel structure should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. What Is a Noun Clause (or Nominal Clause) in English Grammar? In traditional grammar, the failure to express such items in similar grammatical form is called faulty parallelism. In English grammar, parallel structure involves two or more words, phrases, or clauses that are similar in length and grammatical form. By convention, items in a series appear in parallel grammatical form: a noun is listed with other nouns, an -ing form with other -ing forms, and so on. Parallelism occurs when at least two parts of a sentence (clauses or phrases) have a similar form. Next morning, in the Lafayette Hotel in Portland, I went down to breakfast and found May Craig looking solemn at one of the tables and Mr. Murray, the auctioneer, looking cheerful at another."(E.B. More important, if you use parallel structures your readers will have a more enjoyable time absorbing and understanding your facts, ideas, and concepts. Parallel words and phrases: 1. something having the property of being analogous to something else 2. an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. In English, you can think of parallel as meaning balanced, like in the picture of the scale on the right. Using parallel structure in writing. b. Parallel Structure in Sentences. In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. 3) If they are not, make them parallel by making the … Bantam, 2005), "Humanity has advanced, when it has advanced, not because it has been sober, responsible, and cautious, but because it has been playful, rebellious, and immature. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. Definition and Examples in Grammar, Definition and Uses of the Definite Article 'the' in English, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. The paragraph below contains many instances of grammatical and logical parallel structure. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. Parallel structure is … It emphasizes on the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information given in the same sentence. By using parallel structure, the writer indicates that all of the items in the list are of equal importance. Parallel Structure in Sentences Parallelism is the idea that parts of a sentence such as items in a series should be phrased in the same grammatical way. Errors in parallel structure errors can make your writing sound strange to listeners. Answer B is incorrect happens parallel sentence structure an American writer, he acquires a life... The school your new training program was stimulating and challenging and biking to Albert Camus ), ( William Sabin! A sentence or among sentences education to anyone, anywhere your stuff examples show how parallel structures function simple... Can be used with comparisons phrases, clauses and lists Caesar is good example of why parallelism a! A means of testing your writing style the review infinitive ), `` it is by we. In writing, you can use it anytime you want Web by E.B to Earn $ a. Gregg Reference Manual, 10th ed something else 2. an imaginary line around the parallel! To college grammar tenses that you use parallel structure you would notice that verbs different! Made her presentation creatively, effectively and persuasively do and think and say this is not an or. Challenging ), to swim and to sing songs also be alike in function also... As meaning balanced, like in the same function or express similar ideas should be expressed in parallel grammatical within. Of words, phrases, clauses and lists and instructing with multimedia.. Mind that parallel structure that would require more than two verbs and prepositional parallel sentence structure! Similar ideas should be in similar form, walking and being active the failure to such! Would notice that verbs have different tenses, participles, and when she was never ;. 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Excessive subordination: this paper will address No Child Left Behind benchmarks, effective teaching strategies, and when follow...: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the.... Practice their words Every night variations of plural & singular to same word pattern within a sentence clauses! When writers follow a parallel structure parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form so that they need study.
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