historical chinese phonology

It is one of the official languages of China. Although the Chinese textual record provides relatively direct evidence of early Chinese vocabulary and syntax, the nature of the nonalphabetic Chinese writing system obscures the tremendous changes in pronunciation that have occurred over the past 3,000 years. This course is a basic introduction at the graduate level to methods and materials in Chinese historical phonology, focusing on Middle Chinese. Standard Chinese, a form of Mandarin, takes its phonology from the Beijing dialect, with vocabulary from the Mandarin group and grammar based on literature in the modern written vernacular. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). From Old Chinese to Trans-Himalayan 10. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. %�쏢 In his monumental work, Etudes sur la phonologie chinoise (1925-26), the great Swedish sinologue Bernhard Karlgren divided the long history of Chinese phonology into the following periods: Proto-Chinese: the … ‘The consonantal system of Old Chinese’, Asia Major, 9: 58-114, 206-65 Pulleyblank, E.G. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. As Chinese is written with logographic characters, not alphabetic or syllabary, the methods employed in Historical Chinese phonology differ considerably from those employed in, for example, Indo-European linguistics. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Chinese historical phonology, in spite of appearances, is not mainly concerned with the reconstructed pronunciations of old words; it is concerned with the systematic relationships among and within Chinese speech sounds at points in the past and over time. Nathan W. Hill is Reader in Tibetan and Historical Linguistics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. The volume includes papers on both theoretical and applied aspects of Asian linguistics, and topics examined include vowel … Paper is in Mandarin, English abstract on page 2.. R4: Shih-Ming Chen is a Taiwanese programmer, teacher of Taiwanese Hokkien, and internet personality known for being a promoter of an alternative version of historical linguistics, popular in Taiwan and Hong Kong, which argues that northern Chinese topolects are either polluted by foreign influences from the northern steppe … ���S��������� Mb6�mAݦ-��p�� The Roots of Old Chinese. Upcoming Events . Share. Handel, Zev (韓哲夫) is Associate Professor at the University of Washington, Seattle. exhaustive study, I shall attempt to give an introduction to Chinese phonology, and then note some particular problems in the study of Chinese phonology. PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). �ڱ;����Y�F}��o�?��]�7x�XX�)w��Z�-��dK�ˉ����~@��_�z�Z��e��PH��f {� Language Programs. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us. However, Chinese characters are logographic. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. Reading ability in Chinese is required. stream This article covers linguistics of Chinese language in the historical period from the earliest records around 1200 BCE to Late Han. Background The study of Middle Chinese phonology is the starting point for students of historical Chinese phonology, and is considered essential for work on both earlier and later periods. Middle Chinese: A Study in Historical Phonology - Ebook written by Edwin G. Pulleyblank. Historical Chinese phonology. His research interests include historical phonology, Chinese dialectology, Tibeto-Burman languages, Sino-Tibetan comparison and Asian writing systems. Han (Gloria) Lee. Norman's work can be found in East Asian Library, on the linguistics handbooks shelves. UBC Press, Nov 1, 2011 - Foreign Language Study - 290 pages. Trans-Himalayan: 1. Reprise: Trans-Himalayan to Old Chinese 11. Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past. Linguist List 12.1726, 'San Duanmu's Phonology of Standard Chinese is accessible to anyone with an elementary command of descriptive linguistics, and at the same time is full of things that will interest specialists in contemporary phonological theory, as well as engaging current research issues in Chinese linguistics. The second part will go into a detailed study of the phonemic Filed by Victor Mair under Etymology , Historical linguistics , Names , Phonetics and phonology « previous post | next post » Norman (1988) "The historical phonology of Chinese" Jerry Norman, Chinese. It summarizes current hypotheses and discusses the implications they have for tracing the early history of Chinese and for exploring the ancient connections between Chinese and other languages of East and Southeast Asia. The Baxter-Sagart reconstruction of Old Chinese . As Chinese is written with logographic characters, not alphabetic or syllabary, the methods employed in Historical Chinese phonology differ considerably from those employed in, for example, Indo-European linguistics. Overview of Trans-Himalayan phonology 2. Trends in Linguistics Studies and Monographs 64. Of paramount concern is the notion of language universals, which shed light on the linguistic behavior of the species. The Peoples and Languages of China: Evolutionary Background, The Classification of Chinese: Sinitic (The Chinese Language Family), Proto-Sino-Tibetan Morphology and its Modern Chinese Correlates, Middle Chinese Phonology and Qieyun, Early Mandarin Seen from Ancient Altaic Scripts: The Rise of a New Phonological Standard. Keywords: Old Chinese phonology, reconstruction methodology, sources, history of Old Chinese reconstruction. 1984. Origins of the tones and fnal clusters 7. The Oxford Handbook of Chinese Linguistics, 5.2 The Value of Old Chinese Reconstruction, 5.3 Historical Linguistics and Old Chinese Reconstruction, 5.4 Bernhard Karlgren and the Origins of the Modern Field, 5.5 Features of Karlgren’s Old Chinese and Later Revisions, 5.5.7 The Old Chinese Type A/B Distinction, 5.7 Areas of Controversy and Future Directions. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Middle Chinese: A Study in Historical Phonology. Amsterdam: Benjamins Pulleyblank, E.G. Some scholars divide the history of the Chinese languages into Proto-Sinitic (Proto-Chinese; until 500 bc), Archaic (Old) Chinese (8th to 3rd century bc), Ancient (Middle) Chinese (through ad 907), and Modern Chinese (from c. the 10th century to modern times). x��]ێ4�Q��y���A��p� !�e�AH��(W{v��wkw1�-8���D�"2#�j~�ڋ�;++q����o����Y�/�;������/�{b�_>}���������?� �g.�_ߞ�3�ٱg���cB=����������\C��2wY������������o�2�*6T�3s�kח��q)����@�;l���Ѩ�r��]xT��9�}�R!/�WnTZ�^%�?�ف[k����G����H���V�˗�Qf���6�(�t~�6z��C�ϯ�^����&L��xL���q All content tagged with this term: People . Thanks to these improvements we have now a much clearer picture of the history of the Chinese language and the development of the Chinese writing system. This chapter describes the basic sources and methodology for the reconstruction of Old Chinese phonology, the history of the field through the 20th century, and the most recent developments that have radically transformed our understanding of Old Chinese phonological structure. Reminder: do get your own copy! Middle Chinese: A Study in Historical Phonology. Breaking with the Saussurean tradition of separating the synchronic from the diachronic, this book presents an analysis of Mandarin Chinese segmental phonology in which rules and constraints are modeled after historical sound change. Middle Chinese: A Study in Historical Phonology… It should be emphasized at the very beginning that the popular term “Classical Chinese” is reserved here for reference to the language of the Warring States (5th–3rd century BCE) edited literature, as is usual among linguists of premodern Chinese. Earliest known origins of the Chinese language date back 6,000 years. Introduction. Research on the phonological history of a language often relies on written materials, and in this regard Chinese characters, which have been in continuous use from their creation several thousand years ago until the present, may seem to be a boon in the diachronic study of Chinese. Script error Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past. How to reconstruct a word in Old Chinese 9. Definitions of chinese historical phonology, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of chinese historical phonology, analogical dictionary of chinese historical phonology (English) Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past. The first part of the paper will deal with some broad historical events that influenced Chinese linguistics. Dr Nathan W. Hill is Reader in Tibetan and Historical Linguistics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Taiwanese Mandarin is one of the official languages of Taiwan. Sagart Laurent 1999. As Chinese is written with logographic characters, not alphabetic or syllabary, the methods employed in Historical Chinese phonology differ considerably from those employed in, for example, Indo-European linguistics. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. <> 23-57. © Oxford University Press, 2018. Old Chinese medial 5. The Historical Phonology of Chinese. 5 0 obj Chinese historical phonology differs from most domains of contemporary linguistics in that its general framework is based in large part on a genuinely native tradition. %PDF-1.4 0 Reviews. Pulleyblank then applies this theory to a detailed analysis of Pekingese, the dialect base for contemporary Chinese. 1962. This volume owes its genesis to a series of lectures on various aspects of the historical phonology of Asian languages, sponsored by the Asian Linguistics Colloquium of the Department of Asian Languages and Literature of the University of Washington, in Seattle. Historical phonology focuses on the nature of linguistic change itself, that is, how and why languages change, and the underlying forces and processes which shape, mould and direct modifications. Old Chinese vowels 6. Sino-Tibetan ancestry. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. Moreover, as the branch started to be modernised at the beginning of the 20 th century, since which time it has been customarily called “historical Chinese phonology” (hanyu lishi yinyunxue 漢語歷史音韻學), the tension has been further complicated by the introduction of the Western approach. Graduate Student in Chinese. Title in English: The Phonology of Standard Chinese Author: Duanmu, San (端木三) Year: 2007 Pages: 361 Publisher: Oxford University Press ISBN: 978-0-19-921579-9 Buy: Amazon Tags: Standard Chinese, Phonology, Pronunciation, Theory Level: Advanced students, anyone interested in linguistics Taking the step from practical understanding of Chinese pronunciation to a more … Finals of Old Chinese 8. �*7i����m^_oaS�3a'���ʝT�Vp���u^��^�~��H���3�vG������"W҄�q�+���|���v��X�%m����}� )�x�C���� �J�%�h4�}&W`݅4ث�0>_��;aX��a�h97���rjv+� �m��Q��f��e�\�K?,PIޖ � ڠ���VNrS-�;X�{#���_�����L`!�n��v��N/E. Edwin G. Pulleyblank. The discipline of Historical Chinese Phonology has made great progress during the last thirty years. Please subscribe or login to access full text content. We now know that the phonological structure of Old Chinese— the Chinese of the first millennium BCE—was strikingly different from all modern forms of Chinese. The introductory chapter gives a brief history of "Standard Chinese" and defines the author's own phonological theory based on the concept of distinctive features. Since Historical Chinese Phonology is an inherently data-driven discipline, it is, however, surprising that most of the … Historical phonologists generally divide the history of Chinese into three major periods: Old Chinese, Middle Chinese and Modern Chinese. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, Chapter 2 = pp. Diachronic mysteries Part IV. A Handbook of old Chinese phonology. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. 4. The Proto-Sinitic period is the period of the most ancient inscriptions and poetry; most loanwords in Chinese were … His research interests include historical phonology, Chinese dialectology, Tibeto-Burman languages, Sino-Tibetan comparison and Asian writing systems. Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past. All Rights Reserved. In historical linguistics, the history of the Chinese language includes the various changes over time of the Chinese language in its various incarnations. Baxter, William H. III 1992. - the history of Chinese linguistics, both the indigenous and the Western traditions - the sociolinguistic situation, language contact and language variation - psycho- and neurolinguistic studies on Chinese, including first language acquisition - second language acquisition and … , reconstruction methodology, sources, history of Old Chinese phonology deals with the! Is a platform for academics to share research papers iOS devices ( 韓哲夫 ) is Associate Professor at graduate. Android, iOS devices divide the history of Chinese into three major:. 9: 58-114, 206-65 Pulleyblank, E.G detailed Study of the official languages of China offline reading highlight. Chapter 2 = pp course is a basic introduction at the graduate level to methods materials... 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